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Categoría: Física Teórica de Partículas

CCTVal of the USM trains teachers of secondary education in particle physics

"Become a Physicist for a day" summoned professors from high schools and colleges of the Valparaíso Region to update them in this area of applied physics using real data from the prestigious European Organization for Nuclear Research - CERN.

"Become a Physicist for a day" summoned professors from high schools and colleges of the Valparaíso Region to update them in this area of applied physics using real data from the prestigious European Organization for Nuclear Research - CERN.

In order to disseminate the latest advances in particle physics using a participatory and didactic methodology, as well as research activities in the area developed by the Scientific and Technological Center of Valparaíso (CCTVal) of the Federico Santa María Technical University, developed a training / update in this matter for teachers of secondary education of diverse establishments of the Fifth Region.

The initiative, developed for the third year in a row at the USM, is part of the International Masterclasses: Hands on Particle Physics organized by the International Particle Physics Extension Group (IPPOG) of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). ); instance in which more than 50 countries of the world participate.

Under the slogan "Become a Physicist for a day", Teachers Day of this MasterClass had the participation of 11 teachers from the Region, who had the opportunity to make measurements with real CERN data, participate in teaching activities and lectures introductory to particle physics and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).

Finally, the participants were able to apply what they learned in the Hypatia educational software; which allows to interactively and visually analyze the events of the LHC collision (in which a large number of very energetic subatomic particles are produced) which are recorded by the detectors of the ATLAS radar (A Toroidal LHC Aparatus) of the LHC to be later analyzed by the physicists.

"This exclusive day for teachers, aims to provide them with tools so that they can introduce concepts that are key in particle physics in their classes, but in a playful and simplified way. This, because the main problem of transmitting knowledge in this field is that, on the one hand, the object of study is unattainable for the senses, and on the other, it is tremendously advanced from the theoretical, technical and experimental point of view, "explained the coordinator of the activity and CCTVal researcher, Edson Carquín.

Through three playful dynamics developed by postdoctoral researchers: Rolling with Rutherford, Puzzle of Quarks and Hadrons, and the Simulation of Radioactive Decay with dices, the participants were able to deduce, identify and understand how physicists observe the world of particles using ingenuity and cunning.

"The idea is that teachers can replicate these activities with their students as part of their usual activities at school. What we are looking for - he added - is to show the students that important advances and discoveries are being made in this area of science, but that there is still much to be done, and that being a particle physicist is something that, although difficult, it can be within your reach, "Carquín said.

 

Physicist for a day

The program contemplated lectures given by physicists of the USM like the academic of the Department of Physics Alfonso Zerweck who offered a general introduction to the Physics of Particles and by Gerardo Vasquez who made an introduction to the physics of the LHC and to the ATLAS experiment to the professors that participated in the activity.

Regarding his presentation, Vasquez emphasized the need to update knowledge and disseminate science beyond the academy. "It's about explaining that breaking protons in the LHC can get to know the most fundamental components of the material and that with enough energy we could create new particles," he said.

"These would help us, he said, to answer the great questions that afflict physicists today such as: What is Dark Matter ?, or What is physics beyond the Higgs boson and the Standard Model? even, what is the origin of the mass of neutrinos ?, among many others. The LHC acts like a large microscope that allows us to look inside the material with a resolution that has never been achieved. "

Meanwhile, Makarena Ahumada, teacher at the San Rafael Seminary School in Valparaíso, stressed that the MasterClass is "a very good opportunity for both teachers and students, because they are also requiring these updates in their classes. The initiative is born of them. We have to be prepared to give answers. "

In this line, the teacher added that "I have students who are very interested in this area, some of them who are in third grade look for me out of school hours to talk about it. For them it is an opportunity to be exposed to this knowledge, to be able to practice it and to get a little closer to science. It is super interesting to apply this in the classroom and motivating for the students as well­­.

The International MasterClass will continue on May 18 with an exclusive day for students (Students Day) from 15 to 19 years old, who will have the opportunity to live the experience of being "Physicist for a Day" and also share with students from other countries of Latin America in a remote connection that will be established with CERN members.

 

Escrito por Super User 26 · Apr · 2018

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