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Experimental High Energy Physics


Searches for high-energy neutrino emission in the Galaxy with the combined IceCube-AMANDA detector


Searches for high-energy neutrino emission in the Galaxy with the combined IceCube-AMANDA detector

Research areas:

Física Experimental de Alta Energía



Type of Publication:

In Proceeding







We report on searches for neutrino sources at energies above 200 GeV in the Northern sky of the galactic plane, using the data collected by the South Pole neutrino telescopes IceCube and AMANDA. The galactic region considered here includes the Local Arm towards the Cygnus region and our closest approach to the Perseus Arm. The data have been collected between 2007 and 2009 when AMANDA was an integrated part of IceCube, which was still under construction and operated with 22-strings (2007-8) and 40-strings (2008-9) of optical modules deployed in the ice. By combining the larger IceCube detector with the lower energy threshold of the more compact AMANDA detector, we obtain an improved sensitivity at energies below ∼10 TeV with respect to previous searches. The analyses presented here are: a scan for point sources within the galactic plane; a search optimized for multiple and extended sources in the Cygnus region, which might be below the sensitivity of the point source scan; and studies of seven pre-selected neutrino source candidates. For one of them, Cygnus X-3, a time-dependent search for neutrinos in coincidence with observed radio and X-ray flares has been performed. No evidence of a signal is found, and upper limits are reported for each of the searches. We investigate neutrino spectra proportional to E−2 and E−3 to cover the entire range of possible spectra. The soft E−3 spectrum results in an energy distribution similar to a source with cut-off below ∼50 TeV. For the considered region of the galactic plane, the 90% confidence level muon neutrino flux upper limits are in the range E3dN/dE∼5.4−19.5×10−11TeV2cm−2s−1 for point-like neutrino sources in the energy region [180.0 GeV - 20.5 TeV]. These represent the most stringent upper limits for soft-spectra neutrino sources within the Galaxy reported to date.