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Theoretical Particle Physics


Exclusive vector meson production at high energies and gluon saturation


Exclusive vector meson production at high energies and gluon saturation

Research areas:

Física Teórica de Partículas



Type of Publication:

In Proceeding


  • Amir Rezaeian
  • Nestor Armesto








We systematically study exclusive diffractive (photo) production of vector mesons (J/ψ, ψ(2s), ϕ and ρ) off protons in high-energy collisions and investigate whether the production is a sensitive probe of gluon saturation. We confront saturation-based results for diffractive ψ(2s) and ρ production at HERA and J/ψ photoproduction with all available data including recent ones from HERA, ALICE and LHCb, finding good agreement. In particular, we show that the t-distribution of differential cross sections of photoproduction of vector mesons offers a unique opportunity to discriminate among saturation and non-saturation models. This is due to the emergence of a pronounced dip (or multiple dips) in the t-distribution of diffractive photoproduction of vector mesons at relatively large, but potentially accessible |t| that can be traced back to the unitarity features of colour dipole amplitude in the saturation regime. We show that in saturation models the dips in t-distribution recede towards lower |t| with decreasing mass of the vector meson, increasing energy or decreasing Bjorken-x, and decreasing virtuality Q. We provide various predictions for exclusive (photo) production of different vector mesons including the ratio of ψ(2s)/J/ψ at HERA, the LHC, and future colliders.